The Society Of the Cincinnati in The State of Connecticut

The Capture of the Hessians at Trenton, December 26, 1776-1828. Left: Jonathan Trumbull Jr. (1740-1809) - Speaker of the Us House of Representatives. Right: Jonathan Trumbull Sr. (1710-1785) - Governor of Connecticut
The Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775. Right: William Hull (1753-1825) - Lieutenant-Colonel in the Continental Army
The Resignation of General Washington, December 23, 1783. Left: Thomas Y. Seymour (1757-1811) - Lieutenant in the 2nd Continental Regiment of the Dragoons
The Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton, January 1777

Category Archive: 5th Connecticut

  • Capt John Matthius St. John/ St. Joan

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    Military:

    2nd Lieutenant of Silliman’s Connecticut State Regiment, 20th June to 25th December, 1776; 1st Lieutenant 5th Connecticut, 1st January, 1777; Captain, 25th May, 1778; transferred to 2nd Connecticut, 1st January, 1781; resigned 2d May 1781.

    References:

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 521.

    Military service posted by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Surg Mate Jedediah Ainsworth/Ensworth

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    Birth:

    Jedediah Ensworth, son of Tyxhall & Jerusha Ensworth, was born at Canterbury, Connecticut on 01 September 1758 and baptized on 03 September. His siblings included sisters Abigail (b. 22 April 1768), Alice (b. 21 July 1752), Elizabeth (b. 26 June 1750), Jerusha (06 May 1746), and Lydia (b. 03 July 1748) and brothers Ephraim (b. 01 December 1760) and Peris (b. 26 November 1754).

    Death:

    Dr. Jedediah Ensworth died on 26 October 1795 at Pomfret, Connecticut.

    A report of his funeral was carried in the Windham Herald:

    Died, at Pomfret, on Monday the 26th ult. In the midst of an useful and active life, Dr. Jedediah Ensworth, ae. at 37; and on Wednesday his remains were interred. A sermon pertinent to the occasion was delivered by the Rev. Walter Lyon, to a large concourse. The Brethren of Moriah Lodge, of which he was a officer, esteemed and respected, attended with their usual badges, and performed the obsequies with a decorum and respect due to a worthy brother. A short, but comprehensive eulogium was pronounced at the grave by brother Wm. P. Cleaveland. The tokens of respect manifested on the mournful event, evinces the regret of a feeling public who sincerely sympathize with afflicted widow, children and relations in the loss of an affectionate husband, parent, brother and friend.

    Marriage:

    Jedediah Ensworth was married to Lucy ______. The date of their marriage is not yet known.

    Children:

    Jedediah Ensworth had at least three children born at Pomfret: Lucy Adams (b. 18 June 1785), David Augustus (b. 10 February 1787) and Jedediah Sabin (b. 17 January 1792).

    Occupation:

    Physician.

    Military:

    Heitman carries two entries for this propositus:

    Ainsworth, Jedediah (Conn.). Surgeon’s Mate 8th Connecticut, 10th June, 1778; transferred to 5th Connecticut, 1st January 1781, and served to — June, 1782, and

    Ensworth, Jedediah(Conn.). Surgeon’s Mate 8th Connecticut, 10th June, 1778; transferred to 5th Connecticut, 1st January 1781, resigned 15th January, 1783.

    The Surgeon of the 8th Connecticut, David Holmes of Woodstock, on 20 March 1779, and Jedidiah Ensworth assumed his duties until the arrival of his replacement. Col. Giles Russell, 8th Connecticut, recognized this duty when he issued an undated statement marked “Dr. Ensworth Account”. The statement noted that Dr. Ensworth was due $308.00 for doing the duty of a Surgeon and receiving only Mates pay from the 20th of March to the 1st Sept 1779.

    Discussion:

    Dr. Jedidiah Ensworth was a member of one of two traveling Masonic Lodges at West Point, American Union No. 1. Among the other members were Dr. John Simpson, Col. Samuel Wyllys, Major Jonathan Heart, Lt. Robert Allyn, Capt. Stephen Betts, Col. Rufus Putnam Lt. Isaac Tiffany and others of the Connecticut Line.

    References:

    Connecticut. Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. pp. 220, 343, & 351.

    Connecticut Vital Records to 1870 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011.) From original typescripts, Lucius Barnes Barbour Collection, 1928. Canterbury, Ensworth, Jedediah.

    Connecticut Vital Records to 1870 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011.) From original typescripts, Lucius Barnes Barbour Collection, 1928. Pomfret, Ensworth, Jedediah.

    Gary L. Heinmiller, Membership in American Union Lodge No. 1 during the Revolutionary War. (http://www.omdhs.syracusemasons.com/sites/default/files/history/American%20Union%20Lodge%20No.%201%20-%20Membership.pdf)

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. pp.64 & 217.

    Miscellaneous Numbered Records (The Manuscript File) in the War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records, 1775-1790’s, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 93. Fold3.com( http://www.fold3.com/image/312839554/). Dr. Jedidiah Ensworth.

    Norwich Packet, 12 November 1795. p. 3, col. 3.

    Windham Herald, 7 November 1795. p. 3, col. 3.

    Ancestry.com. Connecticut, Church Record Abstracts, 1630-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: 2013, Jedediah Ensworth.

    Biographical information compiled by V. Allen Gray.

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  • 2nd Lt Isaiah Tiffany

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    Birth:

    Isaiah Tiffany was born at Lebanon, Connecticut on 16 February 1759. He was the son of John Tiffany and Mary Meacham.

    Death:

    He died at New Canaan, New York on 12 December 1800.

    Marriage:

    On 4 June 1789, Isaiah Tiffany married Anne Whiting (1762-1830).

    Children:

    The children of Isaiah Tiffany and his wife, Anne, were as follows: Nancy Whiting Tiffany (1791-1849) who married Elihu Phinney; John Lathrop Tiffany (1792-1878) who married Abbey Hoadley; Frederick Trench Tiffany (1795-1863) who married Hetty Elvira Moore; Harriet Bradford Tiffany (1798-1830) who married Charles S. Stewart; and Isaiah Whiting Tiffany (1801-1889) who married Mary Metcalf in early May 1826 at Albany, New York. Mary was the daughter of the late Judge Metcalf. Isaiah Whiting Tiffany was survived by a son and a daughter.

    Military:

    Corporal 1st Connecticut, 14th April, 1777; Sergeant 1st June, 1777; Ensign, 1st January 1778; transferred to 5th Connecticut 1st January, 1781; 2d Lieutenant, 22nd April, 1781; transferred to 2d Connecticut, 1st January 1783; retained in Swift’s Connecticut Regiment 3d June 1783, and served to 3d November, 1783.

    Isaiah Tiffany fought in 18 battles, including Monmouth and Yorktown, and was at Valley Forge. He was one of the forlorn hope in the storming of the redoubts at Yorktown. He was present at the hanging of Major Andre.

    References:

    ”Married”. Albany (New York) Argus, 11 May 1826, p. 3.

    Connecticut, Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. p. 353.

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 543.

    ”Isaiah Tiffany”. New York (New York) Tribune, Stockbridge, Massachusetts, 07 August 1889, p. 7.

    Nelson Otis Tiffany, The Tiffanys of America: History And Genealogy. Buffalo: N. O. Tiffany, 1901. pp. 126-127.

    ”Died”. Western Star, Stockbridge, Massachusetts, 19 January 1801, p. 3.

    Biographical information compiled by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Lt Robert Allyn/Allen

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    Death:

    Robert Allyn died in 1811.

    Military:

    Sergeant 1st Connecticut, 10th February, 1777; Ensign, 1st November, 1777; 2d Lieutenant, 1st July, 1780; transferred to 5th Connecticut, 1st January, 1781; retired 1st January, 1783.

    References:

    Connecticut, Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. p. 353.

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 70.

    Military service posted by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Capt Thaddeus Weed

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    Military:

    2d Lieutenant of Silliman’s Connecticut State Regiment, 20th June to 25th December, 1776; 1st Lieutenant 5th Connecticut, 1st January 1777; Captain-Lieutenant, 1st June, 1778; Captain, 1st April, 1779; transferred to 2d Connecticut, 1st January, 1781; resigned 17th December, 1781.

    References:

    Connecticut, Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. p. 355.

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 579.

    Military service posted by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Capt Elijah Chapman

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    Birth:

    Elijah Chapman was born at Tolland, Connecticut on 13 February 1753. He was the son of Elijah Chapman and Sarah Steel..

    Death:

    He died on 17 December 1825 at Tolland.

    An obituary for Elijah Chapman appeared In the Salem Gazette:

    In Tolland, (Conn.) Gen. Elijah Chapman, aged 73. Gen. Chapman was the first Sheriff of the county of Tolland, and held that office from the incorporation of the county, in 1786, until his resignation in 1809. He served in the Army of the Revolution from the commencement to the close of the war. He entered the service as a non-commissioned officer, and passed through the different grades of office to the command of a company. He was in two campaigns in the brigade commanded by Gen. Lafayette. Besides many engagements of minor importance, Gen. Chapman was in the battles of Trenton, Monmouth, Germantown, Jamestown, and also at the siege and taking of Yorktown.

    Marriage:

    On 20 October 1783 at Tolland, Elijah Chapman married Sarah Keeler of Ridgefield, Connecticut.

    Children:

    Elijah Chapman and Sarah Keeler had five children who survived early childhood: Polly (b. 1785), Sally (b. 1787), twin sons – Elijah and Reuben (b. 1790) and Fanny (b. 1792).

    Military:

    Private in the Lexington Alarm, April, 1775; 2nd Lieutenant of Ward’s Connecticut State Regiment, 14th May, 1776; 1st Lieutenant 5th Connecticut, 1st January, 1777; Captain Lieutenant, 1st April, 1779; Captain, 20th July, 1780; transferred to 2d Connecticut, 1st January, 1781, and served to June, 1783..

    Elijah, on the day when the news of the battle of Lexington was received, enlisted into the company that was formed on the instant, and was made a sergeant, the a lieutenant, finally a captain, and served in Washington’s army until its dissolution. He was engaged in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Germantown, and Monmouth, e&., &c. He commanded the third company from the head of the column, that stormed the redoubt at Yorktown. In 1824 La Fayette recognized him as one of his former captains. After the war he rose to the rank of Major-General of Militia.

    Elijah Chapman was issued a bounty land warrant, #375, on 19 May 1797 for 300 acres of land.

    Cincinnati:

    Original Member.

    Elijah Chapman was active in the affairs of the Society.

    New Haven, July 15

    On Tuesday the 7th instant, the State Society of Cincinnati assembled in the Town to celebrate the Twentieth Anniversary of American Independence: The Day was ushered in by firing of Cannon and ringing of Bells — At 11 o’Clock they moved in Procession to the Brick Meeting House, were a crowded Audience were highly entertained with a sermon preached by the Rev. Doctor Dwight, from Isaiah xxxiii, 6. “Wisdom and Knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of Salvation.” In which were pictured, with a rich variety of sentiment and expressions, the vices which have tarnished and destroyed former Empires, and those virtues which form the durable basis of a happy Government. The Sermon was succeeded by an Oration on the same subject, elegantly written and pronounced by Mf. James Gould. The exercises were interspersed with several beautiful pieces of vocal and instrumental music, performed by the Musical Society. After which the Society returned, and, having completed the business of the day, dined together, and drank a number of patriotic toasts.

    General Ebenezer Huntington was chosen President of the Society for the ensuing year. Delegates were chosen to attend the next general meeting of the Cincinnati in Philadelphia in May of the following year, i.e., 1796. Col. Elijah Chapman, of Tolland County, was appointed to a Committee to whom all Applicants are to be made for Relief from the Funds of the Society. He continued to be a member of the Committee through at least 1803.

    References:

    “New-Haven, July 15”, American Mercury, Hartford, Connecticut, 20 July 1795, p. 3, col. 3.

    Connecticut. Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. pp. 23, 48, 194, 328, 352, 360, & 373.

    Connecticut Vital Records to 1870 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011.) From original typescripts, Lucius Barnes Barbour Collection, 1928. Tolland, p. 30.

    Connecticut Vital Records to 1870 (Online Database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2011.) From original typescripts, Lucius Barnes Barbour Collection, 1928. Ridgefield, p. 21.

    Daniel Steele Durrie, Steele Family, A Genealogical History of John and George Steele, (Settlers of Hartford, Conn.) 1635-6, and Their Descendants. Albany, N.Y.: J. Musell, 1862. pp. 89-90.

    Benjamin Woodbridge Dwight, The History of the Descendants of Elder John Strong, of Northampton, Mass, vol. 2. Albany, N.Y.: Joel Munsell, 1871. p. 1085

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 151.

    Peter H. Judd, comp. Four American Ancestries: White, Griggs, Cowles, Judd, Including Haring, Phelps, Denison, Clark, Foote, Coley, Haight, Ayers, and Related Families, vol. 3. New York: Peter Haring Judd, 2008. pp. 478-479.

    Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 15. Fold3.com( http://www.fold3.com/image/14082498/). Connecticut. Elijah Chapman, Pension S37848.

    “Deaths”, Salem Gazette, Salem Massachusetts, 03 January 1826, p. 3, col. 4.

    Biographical information compiled by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Capt Samuel Comstock

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    Military:

    Captain of Silliman’s Regiment Connecticut Militia, August to December, 1776; Captain 8th Connecticut, 1st January, 1777; transferred to 5th Connecticut, 1st January, 1781, and served to June, 1783.

    References:

    Connecticut, Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. p. 354.

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 166.

    Military service posted by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Capt Richard Douglas/Douglass (CT/NY)

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    Death:

    Richard Douglas died in 1816.

    Military:

    Private in the Lexington Alarm, April, 1775; Ensign and Regimental Quartermaster in Selden’s Connecticut State Regiment, 20th June to 25th December, 1776; 2d Lieutenant 1st Connecticut, 1st January, 1777; 1st Lieutenant, 1st January 1778; Captain Lieutenant, 11th August, 1780; Captain, 22d August 1780; transferred to 5th Connecticut, 1st January, 1781; transferred to 3d Connecticut, 1st January, 1783; transferred to Swift’s Consolidated Connecticut Regiment, June, 1783, and served to 3d November, 1783.

    References:

    Connecticut, Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. p. 353.

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 202.

    Military service posted by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Ensign William Fowler

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    Biography of Ensign William Fowler                                   4-July-2015 by Paul J. Lader

     

    Birth:         27 Sept. 1761, East Haddam (Middlesex), CT, son of Rev. Joseph Fowler and Sarah Metcalf          [Barbour, Vital Records, East Haddam, CT, p. 229; D.W. Fowler, Genealogical Memoir of Descendants of Captain William Fowler (Milwaukee: Starr & Son, 1870), p. 20].

    Death:       27 Feb. 1782, of smallpox at the “Connecticut Village” winter camp near Peekskill (Westchester),

    NY [Henry P. Johnston, Yale and Her Honor Roll in the American Revolution, 1775-1783 (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1888), p. 345; Franklin Bowditch Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, Volume IV (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1907), p. 145].

    Marriage:  Never married.

    Children:   Never sired any children.

    Education: Graduate of Yale College, Class of 1780.

    Military:    Ensign, 5th Regiment, Connecticut Line, 27 Feb. 1781 [Henry P. Johnston, ed., The Record of  

    Connecticut Men in the Military and Naval Service During the War of the Revolution 1775 – 1783

                      (Hartford: The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co., 1889), pp. 343, 345 (hereinafter “CMWR”)].                         

    Cincinnati: Died in Service prior to the formation of the Society of the Cincinnati; first represented by a current

    Hereditary Member who joined in 2015.

    Occupation: Not known; he had graduated from college approximately seven months prior to his appointment

    as Ensign.

    Discussion: William Fowler received an appointment to the rank of Ensign on 27 February 1781, and was

    attached to the 5th Regiment, Connecticut Line, under the command of Lt. Col. Isaac Sherman.

    From there, he was assigned to the company of Capt. Nehemiah Rice and Lieut. Joshua Whitney

    [Johnston, CMWR, p. 345]. The 5th Connecticut participated in General Washington’s feint upon

    New York during the summer of 1781, and continued service along the Hudson River under

    Gen. Heath while events developed at Yorktown [Johnston, Yale and Her Honor Roll, p. 345].

    During winter camp at the “Connecticut Village” near Peekskill, New York, Ensign Fowler

    became ill with smallpox, and he passed away on or about 28 February 1782, almost exactly

    one year after his commission [Johnston, CMWR, p. 345; Johnston, Yale and Her Honor Roll,

    1. 345].  The Hartford Courant of 5 March 1782 reported on his passing as follows: “Died of

    the smallpox, at camp, last week, Ensign William Fowler, of East Haddam. He was a gentleman

    of a liberal education, and much esteemed by all his acquaintance” [Johnston, Yale and Her

                              Honor Roll, p. 345]. The Connecticut Journal, of New Haven, reported on his death as well,

    reiterating that Ensign Fowler was “much esteemed by all his acquaintance” [Dexter, Biographical

                              Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, p. 145].

     

    Due to the fact that he never married or had any children, Ensign Fowler remained unrepresented         in the Society of the Cincinnati for 233 years after his death, until 2015. He is currently represented by Larry A. Scheurenbrand of Stratford, New Jersey.

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  • Lt Cornelius Russell

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    Birth:

    Cornelius Russell was born about 1750.

    Death:

    Cornelius Russell, 73 years old and husband of Huldah Russell, died on 03 August 1823 at Randolph, Vermont. He was buried in the Randolph Center Cemetery. The newspaper notice of his death included the comment fifteen persons died in Randolph of dysentery between July 23d and August 18.

    Huldah Russell, Cornelius’ wife, died six years later on 07 August 1829. She was 75 years old and was also buried in the Randolph Center Cemetery.

    Marriage:

    Cornelius Russell, of Windsor, Connecticut, married Huldah Pember on November 1784 at Randolph, Vermont. Huldah’s place of residence was recorded as being East Windsor, Connecticut.

    Children:

    The children of Cornelius and Huldah Russell are reported to have been as follows: Horace A. Russell (1787-1818). Betsy Russell (1788-162) who married Seth Crocker who died in 1831. Elijah Pember Russell (1790-1874). Thomas Pember Russell (1792-1816). James Russell (1795-1866) who married in 1828 Mary A. Lewis (1807-1889).

    Military:

    Corporal in Lexington Alarm, April, 1775; Private 2d Connecticut, 7th May to 19th December, 1775; Sergeant 17th Continental Infantry, January to December 1776; Ensign 5th Connecticut, 1st January, 1777; 2d Lieutenant, 15th December, 1777; 1st Lieutenant, 1st April, 1779; transferred to 2d Connecticut, 1st January, 1781, and served to June, 1783.

    According to information contained in a pension application dated 06 April 1818 when he was 67 years old and living in Randolph, Orange County, Vermont, his military service was as follows:

    He enlisted in May, 1775, place not stated, and served seven months as private in Captain Elijah Robinson’s Connecticut company. At the expiration of this term he enlisted in Captain Ebenezer E. Bissell’s company in Colonel Jedidiah Huntington’s 17th Connecticut Regiment; on August 12, 1776, he was promoted to the rank of sergeant major and on August 27, 1776, he was taken prisoner on Long Island by the British and held a prisoner until he was exchanged in the latter part of December, 1776. On January 1, 1777, he was commissioned ensign in Captain Ezekiel Sanford’s company in Colonel Philip B. Bradley’s 5th Connecticut Regiment; he was commissioned second lieutenant in said company and regiment in December 15, 1777, and was commissioned first lieutenant April 1, 1779, and served until the close of the war, having belonged to the 2nd Connecticut Regiment since sometime in 1781.

    Cincinnati:

    Original Member.

    References:

    Connecticut. Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. pp. 27, 194, 327, 355 and 373.

    Farmer’s Cabinet (Amherst, New Hampshire), September 6, 1823. p.3, col. 3.

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 477.

    ”Deaths“, New Hampshire Patriot and State Gazette (Concord, New Hampshire), 01 September 1823, p. 3, col. 5.

    Daniel Howard, A New History of Old Windsor, Connecticut. [Windsor Locks, Conn.: The Journal Press], 1935. pp. 60 74

    Nickerson & Cox. The Illustrated historical souvenir of Randolph, Vermont: containing a brief history of the early settlement of the town, the schools, churches, medical and legal professions, old families, business and manufacturing interests, together with portraits and biographies of the citizens past and present. Randolph: [Nickerson & Cox], 1895. p. 104.

    Henry Reed Stiles, The History of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut: Including East Windsor, South Windsor, And Ellington, Prior to 1768, the Date of Their Separation From the Old Town; And Windsor, Bloomfield And Windsor Locks, to the Present Time. Also the Genealogies And Genealogical Notes of Those Families Which Settled Within the Limits of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut, Prior to 1800. New York: C. B. Norton, 1859. pp. 384 & 406.

    Revolutionary Soldiers Interred in Vermont. Vermont Historical Society. Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society. St. Albans, Vt.: The Society, 1889. p. 148.

    Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 15. Fold3.com(http://www.fold3.com/image/14071798/
    ). Connecticut. Cornelius Russell, Pension S 41112.

    Vermont Births, Marriages and Deaths to 2008. (From microfilmed records. Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2013.). Russell/Pember marriage.

    Biographical information compiled by V. Allen Gray.

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  • Surgeon John Simpson

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    Death:

    John Simpson was issued a bounty land warrant in September 1789 and is presumed to have died subsequent to that date.

    Military:

    Surgeon 5th Connecticut, 14th August, 1778; transferred to 2d Connecticut, 1st January, 1781, and served to June, 1783.

    Cincinnati:

    Original Member.

    Discussion:

    Dr. John Simpson was a member of one of two traveling Masonic Lodges at West Point, American Union No. 1. Among the other members were Col. Samuel Wyllys, Major Jonathan Heart, Lt. Robert Allyn, Capt. Stephen Betts, Dr. Jedediah Ensworth, Col. Rufus Putnam Lt. Isaac Tiffany and others of the Connecticut Line. Dr. Simpson was the lodge Secretary.

    References:

    Connecticut. Adjutant-General’s Office. Record of Service of Connecticut Men In the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. Hartford: [Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co.], 1889. pp. 193, 322, 351, 360, & 374.

    Gary L. Heinmiller, Membership in American Union Lodge No. 1 during the Revolutionary War. (http://www.omdhs.syracusemasons.com/sites/default/files/history/American%20Union%20Lodge%20No.%201%20-%20Membership.pdf)

    Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution April, 1775, to December, 1783. Washington, D.C.: The Rare Book Shop Publishing Company, 1914. p. 498

    Joseph M. Toner, Contributions to the Annals of Medical Progress And Medical Education In the United States Before And During the War of Independence. Washington: Gov’t print. off., 1874. P. 69.

    Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 15. Fold3.com( http://www.fold3.com/image/22162774/). Connecticut. John Simpson, Warrant 1,942.

    Biographical information compiled by V. Allen Gray.

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